DIWAN GIDUMAL (1754)
Nur Mahomed had a very wise Vazir by name Diwan Gidumal.
Diwan Gidumal was a Hindu of great political skill and learning .
Diwan Gidumal was a great Amil. The word Amil means an educated man as well as an official.
The Amils of Sind are a class by themselves.
Nur Mahomed consulted Diwan Gidumal as to how to appease the anger of Ahmedshah Abdali, who was camping at Naushahro Feroz, a town futher north of Hyderabad. Diwan Gidumal came in person to Ahmedshah who was struck by his personality and the intellectual power of his face.
The Diwan is said to have placated Abdali in this way. It is said that the Diwan had with him two bags which he had brought with other gifts for Abdali. Abdali enquired what these bags contained. “Your Majesty,” said the diplomatic Diwan, “these bags contain the most valuable of Sind’s gifts, they contain the holy dust from the tombs of numberous saints and Pirs of Sind.”
The Muslims have always had reverence for the ancient saints of Sind, as the earliest great followers of the Prophet of Islam first came to Sind. Ahmedshah was for a time pacified by Diwan Gidumal, but it seems Nur Mahomed, by the good offices of Diwan Gidumal, Abdali agreed that Murad Tarkhan, the son of Nur Mahomed, should continue as ruler.
Diwan Gidumal, had established Nerun ( Latter day Hyderabad).
The Sindhi surname ‘Gidwani’ originates from the name of Diwan Gidumal, who was the Son of Diwan Belamal, who was the Son of Diwan Choitram, who was the son of Diwan Adiyomal.
The author further points out a very interesting observation that though Diwan Gidumal himself had no children, his brother’s children used his name as their surname, as he was a highly respected individual in the society. Thus, Diwan Gidumal’s brothers’ children and their subsequent generations used Gidwani as their surname, emphasising the fact that they are the descendants of Diwan Gidumal.